I opened the local newspaper this week and blinked. "Summer school is about to open", it said. Well, I must have been out of the loop for a good long while, because I have only just learned that our Ministry of Education is running a pilot program, in the course of which schools are required to provide something like "school lite" for the first three weeks of the summer. Participation is voluntary and the payment depends on the family's income - low-income families are supposed to get this lovely program for free.
I turned to my husband and asked, "don't the kids get enough school as it is?"; my sentiment was echoed in many comments on the web made by students, who all basically say, "give us our summer vacation and let us rest after the hard work we pull in school all year."
I realize that in families where both parents work (or, at least, both parents work outside the home), the question of What To Do With The Kids is a major one. No matter how much parents and women's rights organizations clamor to have an ever longer government-funded school day, kindergarten or daycare program, to this day a family cannot rely on government-funded programs alone. So people sign up for private afternoon programs, hire babysitters, beg grandparents for some help, and register their children in a multitude of summer camps. Having a government-organized, government-funded program for a large part of the summer vacation can seem like manna sent from heaven.
I understand and sympathize, but I still don't think it's good for the children.
When the children are young and parents send them to a daycare or preschool, they basically turn the daycare provider or the preschool teacher into the most influential person in this child's life. In the current reality, the child spends more time with the daycare provider or preschool teacher than he does with his parents. And you know what really gets to me? Often, the parents don't even have much conscious choice regarding the identity of the person who cares for their child. Their choice of daycare or preschool is simply determined by where they live or work.
I'm not saying the actual time spent together is the only thing that matters; after all, in most traditional families where the children stay home, they usually see their father far less than their mother. It doesn't mean that the father is less important, or less loved. But it does mean that the mother is responsible for the practical realities of bringing up the child. If the daycare worker is the one who spends the most time with the child, then this responsibility is shifted on to her.
I will never forget how a little girl of about three years told me, "my preschool teacher's name is Ruthie." "That's nice," I said, "and what is your Mom's name?"... she shrugged. "My preschool teacher's name is Ruthie," she repeated. She continued to talk about Ruthie for a while, but didn't say a word about her mother. Somehow, this made me incredibly sad.
Most preschool teachers and daycare workers are decent people who care about the general well-being of their charges, but they don't individually care about each child the way his or her parents do. The essence of what preschool teachers do all day is group management. Their job is to get the kids during the day reasonably content so that they don't get bored and start fighting. This requires constant entertainment. Also, naturally, many preschool teachers are nicer than the child's parents. They don't need to address the core issues of bad behavior, which turns us into the Bad Guys in the little child's eyes. They don't give out punishments. They just need to keep everybody happy until everybody goes home - and it would be unreasonable to expect anything else.
In school, things are a little different because there isn't one teacher that spends the entire school day with the class, but rather, each subject is taught by a different teacher. This gives more influence to the peer group - an even less desirable situation, because though all the kids in a class may be good, they are spoiled by the effect of a large group of children that is cooped up together for long hours.
If that is not enough, there is incessant demand to make school hours even longer, to fund afternoon programs (which will probably soon turn into evening programs), to shorten vacations, to thin out the summer holidays, and so on and so forth. There are also extra-curricular activities, youth movements, and more. The overall trend means the children spend less and less time with their parents - or even on their own. This isn't much better than the despised children's houses of the old kibbutz movement.
This over-organizing, over-scheduling works to create passive adults that require close management and constant entertainment in order not to become restless, dissatisfied and bored. This also makes teenagers who have dropped out of school into such a disaster. If these teenagers had been given the right tools at the right age, they could find a place for themselves even if they don't fit (and not everybody can fit) in an increasingly academic-oriented world. As it is, many of them are lost because it's either strict school regime or total anarchy; self-management is a foreign concept.
Children need time. Time to grow, to mature, to learn, to dream... on their own. There is time for the positive, educational, organized experiences... but there must also be time for the "doing nothing". For gentle, spontaneous learning, which can never happen if all our waking hours are strictly regulated.